Te Keepa Te Rangihiwinui (Major Kemp) was the main negotiator with the government but due to shady deals he was in debt as the land grab in NZ spread.
MAPS: Court fixed the boundary in 1873 regarding the Horowhenua Block from the Waiwiri stream which is the coastal point South of Hokio Stream and taking a line right up to the summit of the ranges.
SOUTHERN BOUNDARY: From the south side of the Waiwiri stream mouth to the top of the summit Tararua ranges.
NORTHERN BOUNDARY: was at Waiaraua on the coast just near Waitarere to the top of theTararua ranges. Kemp reduced this line to the Waingaio. McLean tried to bribe Kemp who refused to give land but bought flour etc from Ngati Huia to influence them but the land became disputed by Raukawa & Kemp. Hgati Huia lands were from the Kukutauaki River to Manawatu and are not in conflict with Muaupoko.
THE FOLLOWING IS A BRIEF OVERVIEW ONLY TO ALLOW YOU TO KNOW WHICH BLOCK IS WHICH
On the maps
Lands the Wellington Manawatu Railways runs. No members made claim over & given to kemp
1887 Kemp met with the under secretary for native affairs & sold the land for 30s an acre.
1886 Kemp received 500p from Bartholomew for 1000acres setting rights of trees. Subdivisions 4,5, 7,8, 13.ARE INCLUDED
1875 105 acres some owners left out by the tribe established a list of these owners in schedule 2. Cutting rights again to Bartholomew and monies collected by 2 Maori trustees
9th Feb 1874 Kemp gifted 1300 acres to Te Whatanuis descendents without any alienation or sale or mortgage by the persons he conveys to. This was signed on the 11th Feb 1874 by Kemp with witnesses St John [ JP ] & T.E.Young [Native dept translator Wellington]. In 1886 1200 acres was set aside by the crown and now called BlockX1V. There is no conflict with Te Whatanuis present owners in this block just the Crown with Muaupoko and there have been good relations to the present day. Re: Iwi Nicholson Claim.
No issue as far as I can find?
This is the main block of Muaupoko residences. The State Farm and settlements here. It fronts the Horowhenua Lake; contains lagoons, Hokio Stream, Levin Golf Course, Moutere Hill & the most important Block in the Horowhenua. In 1886 this block was in the title of Kemp and Warena Hunia younger son of Kawana Hunia. Both were Chiefs and both represented their hapus and Muaupoko as they had he mana. A lot of this land was bought up by Peter Everton family, Don Murray family who would buy up undivided shares then pay small rentals for the lands. See Everton Farms review. We will be looking at the sales of many of these blocks which are now in General titles.
In 1886 this block was vested in Ihaia Taueki as a trustee for the tribe.
1886 given to Ngatiraukawa as agreed by Kemp with MacDonald. Western boundary included the Waiwiri Lake.
It must be noted that throughout all the Commission dealings in the Horowhenua Block Commission inquiries the Maoris were faced with a barrage of questions and at times coerced into what should they say. The cross examination process was in some ways abrupt and misguiding. As remember the Maori had no education. It was common place to offset the truth at times to protect themselves hence Maoris tried to meet before the commission sat so they could have a game plan but at the same time the suspicions were portrayed to protect themselves as they were drawn into a Court system they knew nothing about. They needed leadership & Kemp provided that but in so doing came under Buller’s wing who used this alliance as client & legal adviser to extract land for himself. Kemp’s mother Rere-o-Maki of Te Arawa and Ngati Tupoho signed the treaty in Wanganui. At no time were Maori made aware of the implications of why rates, surveys, costs, legal fees etc were to be conducted but in most cases involving money they used the land as the collateral medium by way of lease ,loan or sale. As the rule of thumb land for services & land for money induced the Maoris to accept any amounts and the Maoris did not have any money so it became a tool in taking the lands off the Maoris and laid the foundation right across NZ.It later emerged to be from other factors of introduced sources like race horses, liquour, cars where shares in land blocks were sold in exchange for cars, liquour etc.
We will see later in years and especially in the 1950s how Maori was coerced by: the introduction of Pakeha norms. eg. Race horses, easy money, cars, cheap leases of lands , and how many transactions of land were conducted in the Grand Hotel in Levin exemplified by the changes in the laws. This made it easy for the pakeha to buy up undivided shares of lands which today has made many land blocks in the Horowhenua being subject to landlocks. The appetite for Land has never stopped as we see today as the greed to gain more land increases as does the price of land. As staple food was and a basic protein diet was also an issue even food was used to coerce and then we have the outbreak of TB which destroyed many Maori.